Crypto: IMF and FSB call for urgent response to multifaceted risks to macro and financial stability

Rick Steves

The report also acknowledges that some jurisdictions, particularly emerging markets and developing economies, may require tailored measures.


In a collaborative effort to tackle the growing influence of crypto-assets on the global financial landscape, the Financial Stability Board (FSB) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have jointly published a report outlining a comprehensive policy and regulatory response.

This landmark report synthesizes the policy recommendations and standards from both the IMF and FSB, shedding light on the macroeconomic and financial stability implications of crypto-asset activities, their interplay, and how these policy recommendations harmonize.

One key aspect highlighted in the report is the importance of implementing the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing (AML/CFT) standards to combat financial integrity risks and mitigate potential criminal and terrorist exploitation of the crypto-assets sector.

Addressing multifaceted risks posed by crypto-assets

The report underscores the urgency of a unified global response to address the multifaceted risks posed by crypto-assets to macroeconomic and financial stability. To this end, it outlines several critical recommendations:

Preserving Monetary Sovereignty: Jurisdictions should safeguard their monetary sovereignty, ensuring that crypto-assets do not compromise the stability of their national currencies.

Strengthening Monetary Policy Frameworks: To guard against excessive capital flow volatility, nations should reinforce their monetary policy frameworks to mitigate the impact of crypto-assets on their financial systems.

Tax Treatment Clarity: Clarity in the tax treatment of crypto-assets is essential to provide a firm regulatory foundation, promoting consistency across jurisdictions.

Comprehensive Regulatory Oversight: The report emphasizes the need for comprehensive regulatory and supervisory oversight of crypto-assets to address financial stability and integrity concerns while supporting broader macroeconomic policies. Such oversight should be considered a baseline for managing these risks.

Emerging markets and developing economies may require tailored measures

Additionally, the report acknowledges that some jurisdictions, particularly emerging markets and developing economies, may require tailored measures that go beyond the global regulatory baseline to address specific and unique risks they face.

To ensure the effective implementation of these recommendations and standards, the report lays out a roadmap developed in collaboration with international organizations and standard-setting bodies. The roadmap encompasses various elements, including:

Building Institutional Capacity: Expanding institutional capacity beyond G20 jurisdictions to enhance global reach and coordination.

Global Coordination: Strengthening global coordination, cooperation, and information sharing among authorities and stakeholders to effectively manage the challenges posed by crypto-assets.

Addressing Data Gaps: Identifying and filling data gaps necessary to gain a comprehensive understanding of the rapidly evolving crypto-asset ecosystem.

The release of this report signifies a significant step towards establishing a coherent and globally coordinated approach to managing the risks associated with crypto-assets.

As digital assets continue to reshape the financial landscape, this comprehensive response aims to promote financial stability, safeguard integrity, and ensure that crypto-assets are managed in a manner consistent with the broader goals of global finance.

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