GLOBAL FX MARKET SUMMARY: FED, US Inflation Data, US Dollar Strength: MAY 13 ,2024

Dmitry Chernovolov Market Analyst

Fed mulling rate cuts to help jobs but worried about inflation. This week’s inflation data key to their decision. High inflation = hold rates, low = cut rates. Lower rates could weaken dollar, boost stocks.


The Fed in Focus: Interest Rates, Inflation, and the Dollar


The Federal Reserve’s monetary policy is a key area of focus currently. With signs of a weakening labor market, including lower Nonfarm Payroll numbers and higher Initial Jobless Claims, there’s speculation for interest rate cuts to stimulate borrowing and investment. However, concerns about inflation exceeding the Fed’s target and impacting economic growth lead to some, like Fed Vice Chairman Phillip Jefferson, advocating for a data-driven approach before lowering rates. Rate cuts could weaken the US dollar as returns become less attractive, but also potentially lead to a rally in the stock market. Quantitative Easing, where the Fed injects money into the economy, is another policy tool on the table.


US Inflation Data: Key to the Fed’s Decision


This week’s release of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) is crucial. The CPI tracks inflation by measuring price changes for goods and services, including food, energy, and core inflation (excluding food and energy). A hotter-than-expected CPI could spook investors and lead them to believe the Fed might raise rates to fight inflation, derailing hopes for cuts. Conversely, a soft inflation reading would strengthen the case for rate cuts. Long-term factors like supply chain disruptions or geopolitical tensions could also influence inflation.


US Dollar Strength: Interest Rates, Economy, and Risk


The US dollar’s strength is closely tied to interest rates. Typically, higher US interest rates relative to other countries make the dollar more attractive, leading to a stronger dollar. The US economy’s relative health compared to others also impacts the dollar’s value. During global economic uncertainty, the US dollar is often seen as a safe haven, driving its demand and value higher. The Dollar Index (DXY) measures the value of the US dollar against a basket of major currencies and is currently looking for direction as the market weighs the possibilities of a soft landing (slowing economy with controlled inflation) or stagflation (slowing economy with high inflation).



Most Important Economic Events for May 14, 2024:

  • Fed’s Chair Powell speech (14:00:00, HIGH, USD) – This is likely the most anticipated event as it can influence global markets depending on what the Federal Reserve Chair says about the future of interest rates and economic policy.
  • Claimant Count Change (06:00:00, HIGH, GBP) – This is a key indicator of employment health in the UK, showing the change in the number of people claiming unemployment benefits.
  • Employment Change (3M) (06:00:00, HIGH, GBP) – This measures the change in employment in the UK over the past 3 months.
  • ILO Unemployment Rate (3M) (06:00:00, HIGH, GBP) – This is the official unemployment rate for the UK based on the International Labour Organization definition.
  • Producer Price Index ex Food & Energy (YoY) (12:30:00, HIGH, USD) – This measures inflation at the wholesale level in the US, excluding food and energy prices, which can be volatile.
  • Consumer Price Index (MoM) (12:30:00, HIGH, USD) – This is the most watched inflation indicator in the US, showing the monthly change in consumer prices.
  • Consumer Price Index (YoY) (12:30:00, HIGH, USD) – This shows the annual change in consumer prices in the US.
  • Consumer Price Index ex Food & Energy (MoM) (12:30:00, HIGH, USD) – This measures inflation for consumer goods excluding food and energy in the US.
  • Consumer Price Index ex Food & Energy (YoY) (12:30:00, HIGH, USD) – This shows the annual change in inflation for consumer goods excluding food and energy in the US.
  • Retail Sales (MoM) (12:30:00, HIGH, USD) – This is a key indicator of consumer spending in the US, showing the monthly change in retail sales.
  • Retail Sales Control Group (12:30:00, HIGH, USD) – This is an alternative measure of retail sales in the US.


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The information does not constitute advice or a recommendation on any course of action and does not take into account your personal circumstances, financial situation, or individual needs. We strongly recommend you seek independent professional advice or conduct your own independent research before acting upon any information contained in this article.

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