Global FX Market Summary: Surging USD,Euro Falters, Mixed Stock Markets  April 1 ,2024

Dmitry Chernovolov Market Analyst

The US Dollar strengthened after positive manufacturing data, while the Euro weakened and global stock markets showed a mixed performance.

Surging US Dollar on Upbeat Manufacturing Data: The US Dollar flexed its muscles and gained significant ground across the currency board after the release of the Institute for Supply Management (ISM) Manufacturing PMI for March. This key economic indicator, which measures activity in the US manufacturing sector, surprised analysts by coming in much stronger than anticipated. Instead of the predicted modest increase to 48.4, the PMI jumped to 50.3, signifying the first month of expansion since September 2022. This positive surprise sent shockwaves through the financial markets, particularly the bond market. Investors reacted by aggressively buying US Treasury bonds, driving their yields sharply higher. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note surged past 4.33%, its highest level in months. This rise in bond yields reflects a shift in investor sentiment away from expectations of an imminent dovish pivot by the Federal Reserve. The strong PMI data suggests a more robust US economy, potentially prompting the Fed to maintain its current hawkish stance and delay any interest rate cuts that were previously priced in for June.

Euro Falters Under Dollar Strength: The Eurozone currency, the Euro, felt the full brunt of the resurgent US Dollar. The upbeat US manufacturing data and the subsequent rise in the US Dollar value weighed heavily on the Euro, pushing it lower in currency markets. This decline comes after a period of relative stability for the Euro, which had been buoyed by hopes of a slowing pace of interest rate hikes from the European Central Bank (ECB). However, the strong showing of the US economy compared to the ongoing concerns about the Eurozone’s growth prospects weakens the Euro’s position. As investors flock to the perceived safety and potential for higher returns offered by US Dollar assets, the Euro loses its appeal, leading to its depreciation.

Global Stock Markets Experience Uneven Trading Day: Financial markets around the world displayed a mixed performance on the first trading day of the week, with some regions experiencing gains while others faced losses. Asian markets, which reopened after the Easter holiday break, saw a predominantly negative trading session. Major indices in Japan, China, and South Korea closed mostly lower, likely reflecting concerns about the global economic slowdown and the ongoing war in Ukraine. However, Chinese stocks defied the broader regional trend and managed to buck the downward pressure. This positive performance in China could be attributed to the release of their own manufacturing PMI data, which showed an improvement in manufacturing activity compared to the previous month. In contrast, US stock markets are expected to open higher later in the day, potentially buoyed by the strong US manufacturing data and hopes of a continued economic recovery. This divergent performance across global markets highlights the ongoing uncertainty and volatility that investors are grappling with in the current economic climate.


Here are the important news releases highlighted based on their potential impact on financial markets:

High Impact:

  • 04/02/2024 12:00:Consumer Price Index (MoM) & (YoY) – This data directly affects central bank policy decisions, particularly the European Central Bank (ECB) and their stance on interest rates. Inflation is a key concern for investors, and this release will provide the latest update on price changes in the Eurozone.
  • 04/02/2024 12:00:Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (MoM) & (YoY) – Similar to the Consumer Price Index, this release provides a broader view of inflation across the European Union, impacting the Euro and potentially stock markets.
  • 04/03/2024 09:00:Core Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (MoM) & (YoY) – This data focuses on core inflation, excluding volatile items like food and energy. It offers a clearer picture of underlying inflationary pressures in the Eurozone, influencing the ECB and potentially the Euro.
  • 04/03/2024 09:00:Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (MoM) & (YoY) – Another update on inflation in the Eurozone, potentially impacting the Euro and investor sentiment.
  • 04/03/2024 09:00:Unemployment Rate (EUR) – This data reflects the health of the Eurozone labor market. A significant rise or fall could impact the ECB’s policy decisions and the Euro.
  • 04/03/2024 12:15:ADP Employment Change (USD) – This report provides a leading indicator for the official US jobs report. A strong ADP number could signal positive job growth and potentially strengthen the US Dollar.
  • 04/03/2024 14:00:ISM Services PMI (USD) – This key indicator measures activity in the US service sector, a significant portion of the US economy. A strong number could boost the US Dollar and investor confidence.
  • 04/03/2024 16:10:Fed Chair Powell Speech (USD) – Statements by the Federal Reserve Chair can significantly impact financial markets. Investors will be listening closely for any clues about future interest rate hikes and the Fed’s overall economic outlook, potentially affecting the US Dollar and stocks.


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The information does not constitute advice or a recommendation on any course of action and does not take into account your personal circumstances, financial situation, or individual needs. We strongly recommend you seek independent professional advice or conduct your own independent research before acting upon any information contained in this article.

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